- Introduction ::MauritiusBackground:Although known to Arab and Malay sailors as early as the 10th century, Mauritius was first explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century and subsequently settled by the Dutch - who named it in honor of Prince Maurits van NASSAU - in the 17th century. The French assumed control in 1715, developing the island into an important naval base overseeing Indian Ocean trade, and establishing a plantation economy of sugar cane. The British captured the island in 1810, during the Napoleonic Wars. Mauritius remained a strategically important British naval base, and later an air station, playing an important role during World War II for anti-submarine and convoy operations, as well as the collection of signals intelligence. Independence from the UK was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes.Geography ::MauritiusLocation:Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of MadagascarGeographic coordinates:20 17 S, 57 33 EArea:total: 2,040 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 181land: 2,030 sq kmwater: 10 sq kmnote: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and RodriguesArea - comparative:almost 11 times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:177 kmMaritime claims:measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselinesterritorial sea: 12 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmcontinental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental marginClimate:tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)Terrain:small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateauElevation extremes:lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 mhighest point: Mont Piton 828 mNatural resources:arable land, fishLand use:arable land: 38.24%permanent crops: 1.96%other: 59.8% (2011)Irrigated land:212.2 sq km (2003)Total renewable water resources:2.75 cu km (2011)Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):total: 0.73 cu km/yr (30%/3%/68%)per capita: 568.2 cu m/yr (2003)Natural hazards:cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazardsEnvironment - current issues:water pollution, degradation of coral reefsEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlandssigned, but not ratified: none of the selected agreementsGeography - note:the main island, from which the country derives its name, is of volcanic origin and is almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs; former home of the dodo, a large flightless bird related to pigeons, driven to extinction by the end of the 17th century through a combination of hunting and the introduction of predatory speciesPeople and Society ::MauritiusNationality:noun: Mauritian(s)adjective: MauritianEthnic groups:Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%Languages:Creole 80.5%, Bhojpuri 12.1%, French 3.4%, English (official; spoken by less than 1% of the population), other 3.7%, unspecified 0.3% (2000 census)Religions:Hindu 48%, Roman Catholic 23.6%, Muslim 16.6%, other Christian 8.6%, other 2.5%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.4% (2000 census)Population:1,322,238 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 155Age structure:0-14 years: 21.3% (male 143,874/female 137,850)15-24 years: 15.7% (male 104,861/female 102,671)25-54 years: 44.3% (male 292,714/female 293,590)55-64 years: 10.6% (male 66,460/female 73,964)65 years and over: 8% (male 42,718/female 63,536) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 39.8 %youth dependency ratio: 27.6 %elderly dependency ratio: 12.2 %potential support ratio: 8.2 (2013)Median age:total: 33.5 yearsmale: 32.6 yearsfemale: 34.4 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:0.68% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 143Birth rate:13.62 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 148Death rate:6.79 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 140Net migration rate:0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 98Urbanization:urban population: 41.8% of total population (2011)rate of urbanization: 0.57% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:PORT LOUIS (capital) 149,000 (2009)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/femaletotal population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Maternal mortality rate:60 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)country comparison to the world: 100Infant mortality rate:total: 10.89 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 138male: 12.95 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 8.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 74.94 yearscountry comparison to the world: 101male: 71.48 yearsfemale: 78.58 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:1.78 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 157Contraceptive prevalence rate:75.8% (2002)Health expenditures:6% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 108Physicians density:1.06 physicians/1,000 population (2004)Hospital bed density:3.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)Drinking water source:improved:urban: 100% of populationrural: 99% of populationtotal: 99% of populationunimproved:urban: 0% of populationrural: 1% of populationtotal: 1% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 91% of populationrural: 88% of populationtotal: 89% of populationunimproved:urban: 9% of populationrural: 12% of populationtotal: 11% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:1% (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 47HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:8,800 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 102HIV/AIDS - deaths:fewer than 500 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 88Obesity - adult prevalence rate:18.5% (2008)country comparison to the world: 105Education expenditures:3.7% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 122Literacy:definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 88.8%male: 91.1%female: 86.7% (2011 est.)School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 14 yearsmale: 13 yearsfemale: 14 years (2008)Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:total: 21.7%country comparison to the world: 52male: 17.3%female: 28% (2011)Government ::MauritiusCountry name:conventional long form: Republic of Mauritiusconventional short form: Mauritiuslocal long form: Republic of Mauritiuslocal short form: MauritiusGovernment type:parliamentary democracyCapital:name: Port Louisgeographic coordinates: 20 09 S, 57 29 Etime difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:9 districts and 3 dependencies*; Agalega Islands*, Black River, Cargados Carajos Shoals*, Flacq, Grand Port, Moka, Pamplemousses, Plaines Wilhems, Port Louis, Riviere du Rempart, Rodrigues*, SavanneIndependence:12 March 1968 (from the UK)National holiday:Independence Day, 12 March (1968)Constitution:12 March 1968; amended 12 March 1992Legal system:civil legal system based on French civil law with some elements of English common lawInternational law organization participation:accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdictionSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: President Rajkeswur Kailash PURRYAG (since 21 July 2012); note - former President Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH resigned on 31 March 2012head of government: Prime Minister Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM (since 5 July 2005)cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: president and vice president elected by the National Assembly for five-year terms (eligible for a second term); elections last held on 21 July 2012 (next to be held in 2017); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president, responsible to the National Assembly; note - former President Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH resigned on 31 March 2012election results: Rajkeswur Kailash PURRYAG elected president by unanimous vote; percent of vote by the National Assembly - NALegislative branch:unicameral National Assembly (70 seats; 62 members elected by popular vote, 8 appointed by the election commission to give representation to various ethnic minorities; members to serve five-year terms)elections: last held on 5 May 2010 (next to be held in 2015)election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AF 41, MMM 18, MR 2, FSM 1; appointed seats - to be assigned 8Judicial branch:highest court(s): Supreme Court of Mauritius (consists of the chief justice, a senior puisne judge, and 17 puisne judges)judge selection and term of office: chief justice appointed by the president after consultation with the prime minister; senior puisne judge appointed by the president with the advice of the chief justice; other puisne judges appointed by the president with the advice of the Judicial and Legal Commission, a 4-member body of judicial officials including the chief justice; all judges serve until retirement at age 62subordinate courts: Court of Civil Appeal; Court of Criminal Appeal; Public Bodies Appeal Tribunal (formed by a 2008 constitutional amendment)Political parties and leaders:Alliance of the Future or AF [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM] (governing coalition - includes MLP, MMSM, MR, MSD, PMSD)Mauritian Labor Party or MLP [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM]Mauritian Militant Movement or MMM [Paul BERENGER]Mauritian Militant Socialist Movement or MMSM [Pravind JUGNAUTH]Mauritian Socialist Militant Movement or MSMM [Madan DULLOO]Mauritian Solidarity Front of FSM [Cehl FAKEERMEEAH]Maurition Social Democratic Party or PMSD [Xavier Luc DUVAL]Rodrigues Movement or MR [Joseph (Nicholas) Von MALLY]Rodrigues Peoples Organization or OPR [Serge CLAIR]Political pressure groups and leaders:other: various labor unionsInternational organization participation:ACP, AfDB, AOSIS, AU, C, CD, COMESA, CPLP (associate), FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, PCA, SAARC (observer), SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTODiplomatic representation in the US:chief of mission: Ambassador Somduth SOBORUNchancery: 1709 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036; administrative offices - 3201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 441, Washington, DC 20036telephone:  (202) 244-1491 through 1492FAX:  (202) 966-0983Diplomatic representation from the US:chief of mission: Ambassador Shari VILLAROSAembassy: 4th Floor, Rogers House, John Kennedy Street, Port Louismailing address: international mail: P. O. Box 544, Port Louis; US mail: American Embassy, Port Louis, US Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-2450telephone:  202-4400FAX:  208-9534Flag description:four equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, yellow, and green; red represents self-determination and independence, blue the Indian Ocean surrounding the island, yellow has been interpreted as the new light of independence, golden sunshine, or the bright future, and green can symbolize either agriculture or the lush vegetation of the islandNational anthem:name: ""Motherland""lyrics/music: Jean Georges PROSPER/Philippe GENTILnote: adopted 1968Economy ::MauritiusEconomy - overview:Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors. For most of this period, annual growth has been on the order of 5% to 6%. This achievement has been reflected in more equitable income distribution, increased life expectancy, lowered infant mortality, and a much-improved infrastructure. The economy rests on sugar, tourism, textiles and apparel, and financial services, and is expanding into fish processing, information and communications technology, and hospitality and property development. Sugarcane is grown on about 90% of the cultivated land area and accounts for 15% of export earnings. The government's development strategy centers on creating vertical and horizontal clusters of development in these sectors. Mauritius has attracted more than 32,000 offshore entities, many aimed at commerce in India, South Africa, and China. Investment in the banking sector alone has reached over $1 billion. Mauritius, with its strong textile sector, has been well poised to take advantage of the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). Mauritius' sound economic policies and prudent banking practices helped to mitigate negative effects of the global financial crisis in 2008-09. GDP grew in the 3-4% per year range in 2010-12, and the country continues to expand its trade and investment outreach around the globe.GDP (purchasing power parity):$20.53 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 130$19.88 billion (2011 est.)$19.15 billion (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGDP (official exchange rate):$11.47 billion (2012 est.)GDP - real growth rate:3.3% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1023.8% (2011 est.)4.1% (2010 est.)GDP - per capita (PPP):$15,800 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 87$15,400 (2011 est.)$14,900 (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGross national saving:32% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1831% of GDP (2011 est.)31% of GDP (2010 est.)GDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 73.5%government consumption: 13.5%investment in fixed capital: 23.1%investment in inventories: 0.5%exports of goods and services: 54.5%imports of goods and services: -65.1%(2012 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 4.4%industry: 23.5%services: 72% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses; cattle, goats; fishIndustries:food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing, mining, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery, tourismIndustrial production growth rate:2.5% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 92Labor force:626,900 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 154Labor force - by occupation:agriculture and fishing: 9%construction and industry: 30%transportation and communication: 7%trade, restaurants, hotels: 22%finance: 6%other services: 25% (2007)Unemployment rate:8.1% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 967.9% (2011 est.)Population below poverty line:8% (2006 est.)Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Distribution of family income - Gini index:39 (2006 est.)country comparison to the world: 6837 (1987 est.)Budget:revenues: $2.456 billionexpenditures: $2.664 billion (2012 est.)Taxes and other revenues:21.4% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 154Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):-1.8% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 79Public debt:56.5% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 5357.4% of GDP (2011 est.)Fiscal year:1 July - 30 JuneInflation rate (consumer prices):3.9% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1226.5% (2011 est.)Central bank discount rate:9% (31 December 2010 est.)Commercial bank prime lending rate:8.67% (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1038.92% (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of narrow money:$2.378 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 121$2.263 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of broad money:$26.17 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 80$23.87 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of domestic credit:$12.87 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 93$11.71 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Market value of publicly traded shares:$6.54 billion (31 December 2011)country comparison to the world: 80$6.506 billion (31 December 2010)$4.74 billion (31 December 2009)Current account balance:-$1.433 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 124-$1.164 billion (2011 est.)Exports:$2.674 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 135$2.647 billion (2011 est.)Exports - commodities:clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses, fishExports - partners:UK 18.7%, France 16.4%, US 10.4%, South Africa 9.7%, Spain 7.6%, Italy 7.1%, Madagascar 6.7% (2012)Imports:$5.107 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 129$4.925 billion (2011 est.)Imports - commodities:manufactured goods, capital equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicalsImports - partners:India 23.7%, China 15.3%, France 8.9%, South Africa 6.3% (2012)Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:$3.046 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 109$2.779 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Debt - external:$3.275 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 133$2.686 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:NAStock of direct foreign investment - abroad:NAExchange rates:Mauritian rupees (MUR) per US dollar -30.051 (2012 est.)28.706 (2011 est.)30.784 (2010 est.)31.96 (2009)27.973 (2008)Energy ::MauritiusElectricity - production:2.889 billion kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 128Electricity - consumption:2.687 billion kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 134Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 102Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 212Electricity - installed generating capacity:885,200 kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 125Electricity - from fossil fuels:75.2% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 100Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 139Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:6.7% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 121Electricity - from other renewable sources:18.1% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 7Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 166Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 153Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 96Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 165Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 206Refined petroleum products - consumption:24,710 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 123Refined petroleum products - exports:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 201Refined petroleum products - imports:22,750 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 101Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 166Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 172Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 146Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 97Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 170Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:4.545 million Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 126Communications ::MauritiusTelephones - main lines in use:374,600 (2011)country comparison to the world: 107Telephones - mobile cellular:1.294 million (2011)country comparison to the world: 150Telephone system:general assessment: small system with good servicedomestic: monopoly over fixed-line services terminated in 2005; fixed-line teledensity roughly 30 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular services launched in 1989 with current teledensity roughly 100 per 100 personsinternational: country code - 230; landing point for the SAFE submarine cable that provides links to Asia and South Africa where it connects to the SAT-3/WASC submarine cable that provides further links to parts of East Africa, and Europe; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean); new microwave link to Reunion; HF radiotelephone links to several countries (2011)Broadcast media:the government maintains control over TV broadcasting through the Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation (MBC), which operates 3 analog and 10 digital TV stations; MBC is a shareholder in a local company that operates 2 pay-TV stations; the state retains the largest radio broadcast network with multiple stations; several private radio broadcasters have entered the market since 2001; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are available (2007)Internet country code:.muInternet hosts:51,139 (2012)country comparison to the world: 95Internet users:290,000 (2009)country comparison to the world: 131Transportation ::MauritiusAirports:5 (2013)country comparison to the world: 180Airports - with paved runways:total: 2over 3,047 m: 1914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2013)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 3914 to 1,523 m: 2under 914 m:1 (2013)Roadways:total: 2,066 kmcountry comparison to the world: 173paved: 2,066 km (includes 75 km of expressways) (2009)Merchant marine:total: 4country comparison to the world: 129by type: passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 1 (2010)Ports and terminals:Port LouisMilitary ::MauritiusMilitary branches:no regular military forces; Mauritius Police Force, Special Mobile Force, National Coast Guard (2011)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 343,628 (2010 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 280,596females age 16-49: 283,317 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 10,193female: 10,104 (2010 est.)Military expenditures:0.1% of GDP (2012)country comparison to the world: 170Transnational Issues ::MauritiusDisputes - international:Mauritius and Seychelles claim the Chagos Islands; claims French-administered Tromelin IslandIllicit drugs:consumer and transshipment point for heroin from South Asia; small amounts of cannabis produced and consumed locally; significant offshore financial industry creates potential for money laundering, but corruption levels are relatively low and the government appears generally to be committed to regulating its banking industry"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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Mauritius — Mauritius … Deutsch Wörterbuch
MAURITIUS — MAURITIUS, island in the Indian Ocean about 500 mi. E. of Madagascar, where Jewish refugees from Central Europe – passengers of the Atlantic – were put into detention during World War II after being forcibly deported from Palestine by the British … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Mauritius  — Mauritius (früher Isle de France), engl. Insel im Indischen Ozean, eine der Maskarenen (s. d.), 880 km östlich von Madagaskar, 19°58 –20°32 südl. Br. u. 57°17 –57°46 östl. L., 1914 qkm groß, wird mit Ausnahme von zwei bis drei steilen… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Mauritius — Mauritius. Die Insel Mauritius (Französ. Isle de France) im Indischen Ozean, 880 km östlich Madagaskar, 130 km nordöstlich Réunion gelegen, seit 1815 britisch, 1847 km2 umfassend mit rd. 371.000 Einwohnern, hat in den Jahren 1862–1865 eine… … Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens
Mauritius — prop. n. 1. A country on the island of Mauritius. [WordNet 1.5] 2. An island in the Indian Ocean. Syn: Ile de France. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Mauritius  — Mauritius, britische Insel aus der Gruppe Maskarenhas (Ostafrika); 32 QM., wegen Korallenriffen wenig zugänglich, hat in der Mitte ein Hochplateau (1400 Fuß) mit steilem Gipfel (Piter Boot, Pieterbot, 3000 Fuß) u. den (sumpfigen) Quellen der… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Mauritius  — Mauritius, 1) geb. 539, von römischen Eltern aus Arabissos in Kappadocien stammend; wurde Soldat, unter dem orientalischen Kaiser Tiberius Befehlshaber einer Legion, zeichnete sich im Persischen Kriege aus u. wurde 582 als Flavius Tiberius M.… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Mauritius  — Mauritius, Heiliger, Anführer der Thebaischen Legion (s. d.), Patron des Erzstiftes Magdeburg, von Koburg, Lauenburg, auch von Savoyen und Mantua sowie der Infanterie, hilft gegen Podagra. Dargestellt wird er als Mohr oder als Ritter mit der… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Mauritius — Mauritĭus, frz. Isle de France, brit. Maskareneninsel, im Ind. Ozean, 880 km östl. von Madagaskar, 1826 qkm, (1901) 373.336 E., mit Dependenzen (Rodriguez, Nazarethinseln, Tschagosinseln u.a.) 2121 qkm, 378.195 E.; gebirgig (in der Montagne de la … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Mauritius  — Mauritĭus, oström. Kaiser (582 602), geb. 539 in Kappadozien, Schwiegersohn und Nachfolger Tiberius II., 23 Nov. 602 durch Phokas gestürzt und 27. Nov. ermordet … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Mauritius  — Mauritĭus, Heiliger, s. Thebäische Legion … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon